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Previously Unidentified “Structures” Photographed on the Outside of our Sun

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Using what scientists are describing as more sophisticated processing techniques of images, and longer exposures, new photos have been taken of our own Sun’s outer atmosphere, known as the corona. They’re painting a picture of fine details being discovered that haven’t been observed before on the Sun, with some sort of structures that have yet to be identified.

Sort of serving to promote one Parker Solar Probe, which is going to examine the Sun and report back to people what they find (hopefully with some verifiable evidence to back their observations), a study about these solar structures was recently published in The Astrophysical Journal.

Image credit: sorendreier

 

A team from the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) used what they call a COR-2 coronagraph instrument on a NASA piece of infrastructure, the Solar and Terrestrial Relations Observatory-A (STEREO-A) to take a look at the details of our Sun’s outer “atmosphere.”

Image credit: sciencealert

 

The tool is designed to capture photos of the Sun’s atmosphere by using what they call an “occulting disc,” that is a disc positioned in front of the lens that serves to block out the Sun itself from the photo, just to capture the gaseous, “atmospheric” corona surrounding the body of the sun. This technique is reported to be able to block out the light that would overshadow the fine details in the Sun’s outer plasma.

Image credit: ineffableisland

If you decide to believe or manage to reason through the scientific evidence that they cite, the official narrative is that the Sun’s corona is a temperature of between 1 and 3 million Kelvin, much hotter than the inner photosphere of the Sun which they estimate to be about 5,800 Kelvin.

Solar wind reportedly originates from this outer region that they’re studying, and that’s of course a constant stream of varied particles that constantly flows out in all directions from the Sun. This solar wind looks to be a prime candidate in what people should explore to theorize about the spiritual effects of the Sun, the ways we are affected by the Sun.

“In deep space, the solar wind is turbulent and gusty,” said Craig DeForest of the SwRI, a solar physicist.

“But how did it get that way? Did it leave the Sun smooth, and become turbulent as it crossed the solar system, or are the gusts telling us about the Sun itself?”

There’s a dead end in what science can explain, but recently these researchers have apparently been chipping away at that block of understanding. According to Science Alert:

“If the turbulence was occurring at the source of the solar wind – the Sun – then we should have been able to see complex structures in the corona as the cause of it, but previous observations showed no such structures.

Instead, they showed the corona as a smooth, laminar structure. Except, as it turns out, that wasn’t the case. The structures were there, but we hadn’t been able to obtain a high enough image resolution to see them.”

Perhaps spiritually interesting as well, the primary discovery of this research was that the Sun’s corona has structure, different layers and fine-tuned looking structures and things that in my opinion imply some factor of divinity. Things are so perfect in this existence, in a certain way.

Image credit: scitechdaily

 

“Using new techniques to improve image fidelity, we realised that the corona is not smooth, but structured and dynamic,” DeForest said. “Every structure that we thought we understood turns out to be made of smaller ones, and to be more dynamic than we thought.”

In order to obtain images detailed and true enough to see these things, the team did something special over the course of three days, in which their instrument captured more frequent, longer-exposure photos than it would normally, which is supposed to allow more time for light from faint sources, fine details, to be picked up by the coronagraph.

Sure, the occulting disc is effective at filtering out the Sun’s bright light they say, but there’s still plenty of noise in the raw photos. They say STEREO-A is an instrument that is in space, so they can’t modify the hardware of it. So, the team decided to refine the way they remove noise from the photos.

They developed what they call new “filtering algorithms,” and reportedly discovered that “streamers,” a kind of coronal loop which can erupt into coronal mass ejections that blast particles and plasma deep into space, are not one single structure but more part of a complex.

“There is no such thing as a single streamer,” DeForest said. “The streamers themselves are composed of myriad fine strands that, together, average to produce a brighter feature.”

 

(Image credit: Pixabay)

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Ancient History

6 Year Old Finds Fossil In Family Garden That May be 488 Million Years Old

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Children have a natural fascination with rocks, with many of us having spent some days as children standing awe-struck at our museums or science centers looking at dazzling arrays of stones, or learning about the different types that can be found out our local beaches, parks, or hiking trails.

However, none of us managed to make the sort of discovery that one young boy in the U.K. did.

Siddak Singh Jhamat, known as Sid, found a fossil in his garden that dates back millions of years.

Sid found the fossil in his backyard garden in the town of Walsall using a simple fossil-hunting kit he received as a gift, reports the BBC.

His father Vish Singh was then able to identify the fossil as a horn corral that dates back 251 to 488 million years with the help of a Facebook fossil group.

“I was just digging for worms and things like pottery and bricks and I just came across this rock which looked a bit like a horn, and thought it could be a tooth or a claw or a horn, but it was actually a piece of coral which is called horn coral,” Sid explained.

“I was really excited about what it really was.”

His father Vish added:

“We were surprised he found something so odd-shaped in the soil… he found a horn coral, and some smaller pieces next to it, then the next day he went digging again and found a congealed block of sand.

“In that there were loads of little molluscs and sea shells, and something called a crinoid, which is like a tentacle of a squid, so it’s quite a prehistoric thing.”

The father believes that the distinctive markings on the fossil make it a Rugosa coral, meaning it could be up to 488 million years old.

“The period that they existed from was between 500 and 251 million years ago, the Paleozoic Era,” Vish said.

“England at the time was part of Pangea, a landmass of continents. England was all underwater as well… that’s quite significant expanse of time.”

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Ancient History

Researchers Find 50,000-Year-Old Frozen Body of Extinct Woolly Rhino in Siberia

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Researchers in Siberia have stumbled upon the 50,000 year-old remains of a rare woolly rhinoceros that was trapped in permafrost.

The remains of the woolly rhino were excavated from the Abyisky district of the Sakha Republic. The rhino was first discovered by a local in Siberia named Alexei Savin, Business Insider reported.

Savvin stumbled upon the remarkable find walking near the Tirekhtyakh River in Yakutia, Siberia last August.

It’s worth noting that this woolly rhino was found close to the site where a previous baby woolly rhino named Sasha was discovered back in the year 2014. Woolly Rhinos were once believed to have been prevalent in Europe, Russia and northern Asia thousands upon thousands of years ago until they ended up extinct.

Paleontologist Albert Protopopov of the Academy of Sciences of the Sakha Republic unveiled that the baby woolly rhino would have been approximately three to four years old when it died presumably from drowning.

The only other woolly rhino thus far that has been discovered in these regions — Sasha — was dated to be from around 34,000 years ago. However, Protopopov suggests that the newly discovered body could be anywhere from 20,000 to 50,000 years old.

However, despite the body being there for so long according to Protopopov “among other things, part of the internal organs are preserved, which in the future will make it possible to study in more detail how the species ate and lived.”

Protopopov further added, “Earlier, not even the bone remains of individuals of this age were found, not to mention the preserved carcasses of animals. As a rule, these were either cubs or adults.”

A fellow paleontologist Valery Plotnikov from the Academy of Sciences further adds, “We have learned that woolly rhinoceroses were covered in very thick hair. Previously, we could judge this only from rock paintings discovered in France. Now, judging by the thick coat with the undercoat, we can conclude that the rhinoceroses were fully adapted to the cold climate very much from a young age.”

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Isaac Newton’s Secret “Burnt” Notes Included Theory That Great Pyramids Predicted Apocalypse

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Sir Isaac Newton, one of the most famous scientists of recorded history, left behind a large body of work that is still vital in our understanding of the world today. However, as with many public intellectuals, he also had plenty of work that was never shared with the public, even after his death.

Now, for the first time ever, some of these unpublished notes are being auctioned off, and these notes contain some of his most wild theories, and includes his thoughts on the occult, alchemy, and biblical apocalypse theory. Newton was known to dabble in the more esoteric realms of study, but very little written evidence remains about his specific thoughts on mystical topics.

Some of the remaining manuscript notes are currently being auctioned by Sotheby’s. The notes have been through a lot, and are obviously burned. The auctioneers claim that the notes were damaged in a fire that is believed to have been started by a candle that was accidentally toppled by Newton’s dog, Diamond.

According to the auction listing, “These notes are part of Newton’s astonishingly complex web of interlinking studies – natural philosophy, alchemy, theology – only parts of which he ever believed were appropriate for publication. It is not surprising that he did not publish on alchemy, since secrecy was a widely-held tenet of alchemical research, and Newton’s theological beliefs, if made public, would have cost him (at least) his career.”

The notes currently have a leading bid of £280,000, the equivalent of about $375,000.

In the notes, Newton speaks on some far-out topics that would surprise modern thinkers. For example, Newton’s notes include a theory that ancient Egypt’s Great Pyramid of Giza predicted the apocalypse. While it is unclear what logic he used to get to his conclusion, the theory began with his study of how the pyramids were designed according to an ancient Egyptian unit of measurement called the royal cubit.

While studying the pyramids and the cubit, Newton believed he developed an insight into sacred geometry, which somehow aligned with the apocalypse predictions in the bible.

“He was trying to find proof for his theory of gravitation, but in addition the ancient Egyptians were thought to have held the secrets of alchemy that have since been lost. Today, these seem disparate areas of study – but they didn’t seem that way to Newton in the 17th century,” Gabriel Heaton, Sotheby’s manuscript specialist, told The Guardian.

“It’s a wonderful confluence of bringing together Newton and these great objects from classical antiquity which have fascinated people for thousands of years. The papers take you remarkably quickly straight to the heart of a number of the deepest questions Newton was investigating,” Heaton added.

Interest in alchemy and mysticism was not unusual for serious scholars at the time, in fact, it was recognized as a legitimate field of scientific study.

“The idea of science being an alternative to religion is a modern set of thoughts. Newton would not have believed that his scientific work could undermine religious belief. He was not trying to disprove Christianity – this is a man who spent a long time trying to establish the likely time period for the biblical apocalypse. That’s why he was so interested in the pyramids,” Heaton said.

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