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Elderly Couple Donate Their Land to Descendants of Native Americans Who Once Called It Home

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Elderly Couple Donate Land Native Americans

(TMU) — In 1973, Jim and Margaret Hogan purchased their own piece of rural Burlington County, New Jersey. For $9,000, the couple secured themselves 1.5 acres of what was once part of Brotherton, the only reservation for Native Americans the state has ever had.

Jim Hogan, who is now an 84 year-old father of five and grandfather of seven, said:

We didn’t know that when we bought it. A family from Pennsylvania sold it to us. It was all commercially zoned and we thought this area, on a major highway, would be the next Cherry Hill.”

It turns out the Hogans were wrong. Jim, who is now retired from his career as a construction-equipment salesman, told the Philadelphia Inquirer that the area is still quite rural. In fact, his own property was never developed, save for a small farmstand he built and used briefly.

We tried to sell this land on and off, and after the last sale fell through in 2017, we decided to donate it to the Indians for a dollar,” Jim said. He added, “The history of the United States and the Indians is not too good, and we wanted to do something for them.”

So on September 4, 2018, the Hogans conveyed the deed to their property to the Brotherton Indian Reservation organization.

Brotherton was once home to about 200 Leni-Lenape—or Delaware—people. Over time, the reservation’s population dwindled until, in 1802, the state of New Jersey began to sell pieces of it to private buyers while residents migrated to other indigenous communities.

By Wikimedia Commons user: Nikater

Joseph Littlefeather, who was recently elected chief of the Sandhill Lenape Cherokee Tribe, said:

I want to thank him for doing this. We want to put a farm stand on the land, and eventually open an office there, so people who live down there don’t have to travel so far.”

However, Joseph Barton, mayor of Tabernacle—the small town within which the land in question sits—said he wasn’t aware that the deed had been transferred:

Unless the [new owners] have some sort of federal exemption, they would have to come before our zoning and planning board, as well as the Pinelands Commission, with any plan for building something there.”

The fact that there are no federally recognized Native American tribes in the state of New Jersey doesn’t stop the local indigenous population from organizing. “We don’t receive any money from the State of New Jersey and we don’t have anything to do with the Bureau of Indian Affairs,” Littlefeather said of the group of hundreds of descendants of a group often referred to as the Brotherton Indians.

It still is the Brotherton Reservation,” Littlefeather said. “They sold property that wasn’t theirs to sell.”

Littlefeather and others aren’t looking to kick the non-native residents off of their former land. “We’re not going to go down there and throw everybody out of their houses,” he said. But if descendants of the Brotherton Indians are able to reestablish themselves on even a little bit of their native land, it would certainly be a step in the right direction.

And Jim Hogan agrees:

I would love to see them be able to come back. The Indians were here before anybody else. They should be able to use this ground.”

By Emma Fiala | Creative Commons | TheMindUnleashed.com

Inspirational

Ocean Spray Buys New Truck For Star Of Viral Fleetwood Mac TikTok Video

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(TMU) – In the midst of all the pain, suffering, and hatred going on in the world right now, a TikTok user named Nathan “Doggface” Apodaca, inspired millions with a short and uplifting video of himself skateboarding down the street while listening to Fleetwood Mac’s “Dreams” and drinking a container of cranberry juice.

Nathan was riding his skateboard that day because his car broke down, but he was making the most of a bad situation and enjoying his life as much as he could in that moment. The short clip quickly captured the world’s attention, and turned into an accidental advertising campaign for both Fleetwood Mac and Ocean Spray.

The video sent streams of the Fleetwood Mac song soaring to record numbers, and inspired Mick Fleetwood to join TikTok and post his own video.

Dreams had 8.47 million streams in the US last week, which far surpasses the previous high of 3.83 million.

The song also returned to the UK charts last week, at No 85.

Rumours, the album that features Dreams, returned to the US Top 40 for the first time since 2013, reaching No 27. In the UK, it holds its position from the previous week, No 22. Rumours has spent the last 41 weeks in the UK Top 40, and a total of 856 weeks in the Top 100 since its 1977 release, according to the Guardian.

Ocean Spray has not revealed exactly how much the video has boosted sales for them, but the company’s stock price has climbed significantly since the video first went viral. The increase in sales and stock price was enough to catch the attention of the company’s executives, who decided to give back and get Nathan a new truck. The company posted a video of Nathan’s reaction on its Instagram page.

 

Representatives from the company showed up at Apodaca’s home with a new 2020 Nissan Frontier truck, and a large supply of Ocean Spray cranberry juice.

“This is from Ocean Spray to you. Thanks for keeping it positive. That truck is yours. All the Ocean Spray is yours. All from Ocean Spray to you, man. Congratulations,” the representative said.

Ocean Spray is not a traditional corporation, but an agriculture cooperative owned by more than 700 grower-owners.

Chris Ferzli, Ocean Spray’s director of global corporate affairs, says that the video “struck a chord.”

“Just the fact he was making the best of a situation despite a challenge really resonated with people. There is such a calm and positive energy to the video and given 2020 is an especially challenging year, it was just so welcome,” Ferzli said, according to The Drum.

“We caught notice of it about a week ago and we knew we wanted to get involved. We heard his story and wanted to help so we took some time, pulled together a plan to buy him a new truck, and filled it with cranberry juice,” he added.

Ferzli also hinted in a recent interview that the company may be bringing Nathan on as a full-time brand ambassador. This may be the beginning of a new partnership and possibly a new path for Nathan.

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Inspirational

This Magical “SkyWalk” Bridge Lets You Wander Through The Tree Tops In Tennessee

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(TMU) – If you think Smoky Mountains, you might also think of the sky, and in particular, the Gatlinburg SkyLift, SkyDeck and the SkyBridge which offer visitors the opportunity to experience unbelievably beautiful mountain sights they would otherwise not be able to see without some serious hiking.

A subrange of the Appalachian Mountains and part of the Blue Ridge Physiographic Province, the Smoky Mountain range runs along the Tennessee, North Carolina border in the south-eastern United States with a history which spans thousands of years, from the ancient Paleo Indian tribes to the European settlers in the 1800s to modern day.

Established in 1934, the Great Smoky Mountains National Park protects most of the range and is the most visited national park in the US. A designated UNESCO World Heritage Site and part of an International Biosphere Reserve, the Smokies are home to approximately 187,000 acres (76,000 ha) of virgin forest and in the lower elevations, the cove hardwood forests are among the most diverse ecosystems in North America.

Gatlinburg’s first settlers, Martha Jane Huskey Ogle and her seven children moved from South Carolina in the early 1800s and built a cabin in the area which became known as White Oaks Flats. Initially pioneer settlers and later, veterans of the Revolutionary War moved from North Caroline and settled in White Oaks Flats. In 1850, Noah Ogle established the first general store in the village. Radford C Gatlin, a preacher, settled in the village in 1854 and opened the town’s second general store and established a post office in his store which resulted in the town’s name changing to Gatlinburg in 1856. Gatlin was apparently a controversial figure and was eventually banned from the area.

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The Gatlinburg Sky Lift was opened to the public in 1954 and is one of the oldest continuously operated attractions in the Smoky Mountains and located across the street from Ripley’s Believe It or Not, one of many popular attractions in downtown Gatlinburg.

When in Gatlinburg, the SkyLift is definitely a must do. The ride starts in the middle of town and travels up towards the top of Crockett Mountain, a vertical ascension of 500 feet. It’s a 20 minute round trip with spectacular views and an option to stop at the mountain-top SkyDeck.

The SkyDeck was added to the park in 2019 and offers sweeping views of the Smokey Mountains where you can stroll around for a panoramic view, relax on a patio chair on the deck and perhaps avail yourself to delicious snacks and craft beer from the café before, or after, stretching your legs with a walk on the SkyBridge.

The SkyBridge, completed in May 2019, promises an unforgettable experience with more awesome views and some excitement thrown in. The bridge spans 680 feet, and reaches a height of 140 feet at its midpoint and is the longest pedestrian suspension bridge in North America. Visitors can stroll across the bridge at their own pace and, while many hesitate walking across the glass panels placed periodically along the bridge, the view beneath your feet is definitely worth experiencing. Don’t forget to take a picture as proof and a reminder that you ‘braved the glass’!

The park offers all-day passes to enjoy the facilities at your own pace. Gatlinburg has plenty of other great attractions to visit, and accommodation for those who wish to linger a while longer.

For accommodation info, visit gatlinburg.com

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Environment

How To Grow Your Own Out Of This World Cannabis Bonsai Tree

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(TMU) – The art and skill of creating miniature trees from the trees found in nature originated in China over a thousand years ago.

The Japanese fine-tuned the techniques and named it bonsai, which simply means ‘planted in a container’. The aim of this tradition is to grow a healthy plant that will grow into maturity but remain much smaller than the size of the same species growing in nature.

This is achieved by using small containers for planting and thereby restricting the plant’s ability to absorb nutrients and develop extensive root systems.

The most famous bonsai, the Japanese White Pine or the Yamaki Pine, is just under 400 years old and was trained into an exceptional Bonsai by six generations of the Yamaki family and miraculously survived the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima 75 years ago, on August 6, 1945, completely unscathed.

The tree is now part of a permanent exhibition at the National Bonsai & Penjing Museum in Washington DC.

In recent years, growers have experimented with creating cannabis bonsai, primarily to produce clone clippings from a mother plant.

The smaller size of the mother plant as a bonsai means many mother plants can be grown in a much smaller space, thus allowing for diversity in the cannabis garden and eliminating the need to grow from seed.

Although the basic steps for planting and training a cannabis bonsai are the same as for any tree or plant, bear in mind that soil, light, humidity, heat and water requirements differ from species to species.

YOU’LL NEED: a young cannabis plant in a pot, a drill, plastic coated wire or gardening twine, a wooden stake (or dowel). If you’re starting with a mother plant clone clipping you’ll need a pot and soil as well.

STEP ONE: PREPARE THE POT

No need for using a traditional bonsai pot, a small upright pot will be fine. Drill holes around the rim of the pot, this will be useful to help with training the plant with string or twine. Ensure the holes are big enough for the twine to fit through comfortably.

STEP TWO: PLANT YOUR CUTTING

Choose a healthy and sturdy cutting from the mother plant. Add the soil to the pot and position the cutting in the pot.

Push the wooden stake into the soil next to the main stem of the cutting and be careful not to damage any roots. The stake can be used to position the trunk of the bonsai to any position you want it to grow, with the help of the twine and the holes drilled in the pot. Don’t tie the trunk with too much force, and leave some room for the trunk to grow in width.

STEP THREE: TIME TO TRAIN

Train the branches as you did the stem, by tying them in the position you choose with the twine using the drilled holes. To create horizontal branches they will need to be tied down tighter and less tight for the vertical. Be gentle so as not to damage or snap the branches. The branches should be allowed to be grown without too much restriction.

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STEP FOUR: PRUNING

To keep the classic bonsai shape and allow airflow to the plant’s main stem it’s important to keep the stature and prune to only the offshoot branches. Cutting the main branches could affect the health and growth of the plant severely.

At this stage the jury is still out on how long bonsai mother trees should be kept active. Since they can be kept in a vegetative stage indefinitely, they could technically keep going for as long as they are alive. However, growers have found that pure indica’s degrade faster and sativa’s last longer.

Currently, as a general rule, indica’s are replaced every 3–4 years, hybrids every 4–5 years, and sativa’s every 5–6 years. However, the strain and the quality of care the plant receives will no doubt impact its lifespan.

WHICH STRAINS ARE BEST FOR CANNABIS BONSAI TREES?

The genetics of each strain is different and those strains with shorter stature are likely to be more suitable for developing into cannabis bonsai.

Two strains with a short stature that might be ideal for developing into bonsai are Critical Kush and White Widow.

Critical Kush, an indica dominant hybrid, grows short and bushy because of its 80:20 indica/sativa ratio. The high THC content has excellent relaxing and sedative properties.

White Widow, a legendary Dutch classic strain is a well-balanced hybrid with a potent mix of sativa and indica. THC levels are above 20%.

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