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Scientists Discover Real-Life Kermit The Frog In Costa Rica

Costa Rica’s protected jungles span a quarter of the country, teeming with exotic wildlife which include several species of amphibian, mammals and birds.

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(TMU) – Kermit the Frog, the much loved character on the TV show Sesame Street, started life as a lizard and evolved into the frog we know in 1955. Unique as he is, 60 years after his ‘birth’, a live distant cousin was discovered in the Costa Rica rain forests. This new species, Diane’s Bare-hearted Glassfrog (Hyalinobatrachium dianae), with its amazing transparent, glass like underbelly showing its internal organs, blood pumping through its veins and food digesting in its stomach is fascinating by itself but it’s the bright lime green body and long lanky legs, and bulging forward looking white eyes that completes the Kermit doppelgänger if ever there was one!

The first glass-frog discovered was the “giant” Centrolene geckoideum, named by Marcos Jiménez de la Espada in 1872, based on a specimen collected in north-eastern Ecuador. Since then, more than 120 species in three genera (Centrolene, Cochranella, and Hyalinobatrachium) have been discovered by different herpetologists.

Diane's Bare Hearted Glass Frog (Kermit)

Posted by Veganbook on Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Apart from a few larger species of a maximum length of 3 inches (7.62cm), most are tiny, just 0.8-1.2 inches (2-3cm)) in length, and are found in tropical lowland to mid-elevation mountain forests.

Kermit’s distant relatives are on the small side of the scale, at a length of only 0.98 inches (2.5cm) and managed to evade the limelight until 2015, mostly due to their remote natural habitat in the Costa Rica rain-forests as well as their deceptive mating call, mimicking an insect’s call described as “a single tonal long metallic whistle-like note,” by scientists Brian Kubicki, Stanley Salazar and Robert Puschendorf who discovered H. dianae living between 400m and 800m high in the mountains. Senior scientist, Kubicki, named the species after his mother, Janet Diane Kubicki.

Including H. dianae, Cost Rica is home to 14 of the known glass frog species.

Scientists Discover Real-Life Kermit The Frog In Costa Rica!Join our Page -► Amazing World ◄- For more amazing…

Posted by Amazing World on Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Costa Rica is situated in Central America with a Caribbean and Pacific coastline known for its beaches, volcanoes, rugged terrain, rain forests and biodiversity. Costa Rica’s protected jungle area spans approximately a quarter of the country, teeming with rare and exotic wildlife which include several species of amphibian, mammals and birds.

Other Mammals and Amphibians Native to the Region

Almost as famous as Kermit, the colorful blue jeans poison arrow frogs (Oophaga pumilio) are one of the most studied and photographed amphibians in the world, partly because of its daylight habits, large population, reproductive biology and bright colors with an estimated 15 to 30 color morphs.

Native to the rain forests, they have a distinctive ‘chirp, chirp, chirp’ call and usually hunt on the forest floor, moving with small hops and erratic and exaggerated walking motions, navigating organic matter. They are poisonous when orally ingested or when its skin oils get into an open wound.

There are three species of anteater that call Costa Rica home, the lesser, giant and silky. The lesser anteater, Tamandua tetradactyla), aka the collared anteater, being the most common. A distant relative of sloths, anteaters prefer the lowland and middle-elevation habitats of the country. The lesser anteater is mostly nocturnal and spends around 40% of its time in trees, using its strong front claws to scale trees and navigating branches using its prehensile tail which is also handy for balancing in treetops and as an anchor when they take a defensive position. They have a beautiful fur coat of gold or tan and black fur and can weight up to 18 pound (8.16kg).

An extra-long claw on the third toe used is used for digging and defense. They consume up to 10,000 ants and termites per day which their grab with their specially designed, long sticky tongues from their nests and underground homes. Their powerful sense of smell can detect termites and ants easily and their tongue, measuring up to 16 inches (40.6cm), makes mealtimes a breeze.

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Você conhece o tamanduá-mirim (Tamandua tetradactyla)? ⠀ Esta é uma das espécies de tamanduás adaptada tanto para a vida em árvores quanto no chão. O nome tamanduá-mirim significa “tamanduá pequeno” em tupi. Porém, ele também é conhecido como tamanduá-colete, em referência ao desenho em sua pelagem. ⠀ São mais ativos durante o dia, porém podem apresentar comportamentos noturnos em áreas perturbadas pelo ser humano. ⠀ Quer saber mais sobre esse pequeno escalador? Acesse nosso site: www.oncafari.org ⠀ Foto: @leonardomercon . . . Do you know the the southern tamandua? . This is a species of anteater that adapts well to life both in trees and on the ground. The anteater’s name means “little ant-eater” in Tupi. Southern tamanduas are more active during the day, but may practice nocturnal behavior in areas where they are disturbed by humans. Want to learn more about this little tree-climber? Access our website: www.oncafari.org . Photo: @leonardomercon

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Animals

Dolphin Swims Through Louisiana Neighborhood in Aftermath of Hurricane Ida

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A Louisiana family was shocked to find a dolphin swimming through their neighborhood in the aftermath of Hurricane Ida.

Amanda Huling and her family were assessing the damage to their neighborhood in Slidell, Louisiana, when they noticed the dolphin swimming through the inundated suburban landscape.

In video shot by Huling, the marine mammal’s dorsal fin can be seen emerging from the water.

“The dolphin was still there as of last night but I am in contact with an organization who is going to be rescuing it within the next few days if it is still there,” Huling told FOX 35.

Ida slammed into the coast of Louisiana this past weekend. The Category 4 hurricane ravaged the power grid of the region, plunging residents of New Orleans and upwards of 1 million homes and businesses in Louisiana and Mississippi into the dark for an indefinite period of time.

Officials have warned that the damage has been so extensive that it could take weeks to repair the power grid, reports Associated Press.

Also in Slidell, a 71-year-old man was attacked by an alligator over the weekend while he was in his flooded shed. The man went missing and is assumed dead, reports WDSU.

Internet users began growing weary last year about the steady stream of stories belonging to a “nature is healing” genre, as people stayed indoors and stories emerged about animals taking back their environs be it in the sea or in our suburbs.

However, these latest events are the surreal realities of a world in which extreme weather events are fast becoming the new normal – disrupting our lives in sometimes predictable, and occasionally shocking and surreal, ways.

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Mom in LA Suburbs Fights Off Mountain Lion With Bare Hands, Rescues 5-Year-Old Son

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A mother in Southern California is being hailed as a hero after rescuing her five-year-old son from an attacking mountain lion.

The little boy was playing outside his home in Calabasas, a city lying west of Los Angeles in the Santa Monica Mountains, when the large cat pounced on him.

The 65-pound (30 kg) mountain lion dragged the boy about 45 yards across the front lawn before the mother acted fast, running out and striking the creature with her bare hands and forcing it to free her son.

“The true hero of this story is his mom because she absolutely saved her son’s life,” California Department of Fish and Wildlife spokesman Captain Patrick Foy told Associated Press on Saturday.

“She ran out of the house and started punching and striking the mountain lion with her bare hands and got him off her son,” Foy added.

The boy sustained significant injuries to his head, neck and upper torso, but is now in stable condition at a hospital in Los Angeles, according to authorities.

The mountain lion was later located and killed by an officer with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, who found the big cat crouching in the bushes with its “ears back and hissing” at the officer shortly after he arrived at the property.

“Due to its behavior and proximity to the attack, the warden believed it was likely the attacking lion and to protect public safety shot and killed it on sight,” the wildlife department noted in its statement.

The mountain lion attack is the first such attack on a human in Los Angeles County since 1995, according to Fish and Wildlife.

The Santa Monica Mountains is a biodiverse region teeming with wildlife such as large raptors, mountain lions, bears, coyote, deer, lizards, and snakes. However, their numbers have rapidly faded in recent years, causing local wildlife authorities to find new ways to manage the region’s endemic species.

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Blue Whales Return to Spain’s Coast After Disappearing for 40 Years

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Blue whales have been returning to the Atlantic coast of Spain after an absence of over 40 years in the region, when whaling industries drove the species to the brink of extinction.

Blue whales, which are the world’s largest mammals, had long disappeared from the region until the recent sightings.

The first was spotted off the coast of Galicia near Ons Island by marine biologist Bruno Díaz, who heads the Bottlenose Dolphin Research.

Another one of the majestic creatures was spotted the following year in 2018 and yet another in 2019. In 2020, two whales again made their return to the area.

It remains unclear as of yet as to why the creatures have returned to the area, but controls on local whaling industries are believed to play a role.

“I believe the moratorium on whaling has been a key factor,” Díaz remarked, according to the Guardian. “In the 1970s, just before the ban was introduced, an entire generation of blue whales disappeared. Now, more than 40 years later, we’re seeing the return of the descendants of the few that survived.”

Whaling had been a traditional industry in Galicia for hundreds of years before Spain finally acted to ban whaling in 1986, long after the blue whale’s presence in the region had faded away.

Some fear that the return of the massive sea mammals is a sign of global warming.

“I’m pessimistic because there’s a high possibility that climate change is having a major impact on the blue whale’s habitat,” said marine biologist Alfredo López in comments to La Voz de Galicia.

“Firstly, because they never venture south of the equator, and if global warming pushes this line north, their habitat will be reduced,” he continued “And secondly, if it means the food they normally eat is disappearing, then what we’re seeing is dramatic and not something to celebrate.”

Díaz said that while the data certainly supports this theory, it is too early to determine climate as the precise cause.

“It is true that the data we have points to this trend [climate change] but it is not enough yet,” he told Público news.

Another possibility is that the ancestral memory of the old creatures or even a longing for their home may offer an explanation, according to Díaz.

“In recent years it’s been discovered that the blue whale’s migration is driven by memory, not by environmental conditions,” he said. “This year there hasn’t been a notable increase in plankton, but here they are. Experiences are retained in the collective memory and drive the species to return.”

In recent years, researchers have found that migratory patterns are also driven by the cultural knowledge existing in many groups of species.

Researchers believe this type of folk memory, or cultural knowledge, exists in many species and is key to their survival.

A typical blue whale is 20-24 metres long and weighs 120 tonnes – equivalent to 16 elephants – but specimens of up to 30 metres and 170 tonnes have been found.

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