Over the last few years, more public attention has been given to so-called Nootropics, or in other words, non-prescription drugs and supplements designed to aid mental performance and improve mood and sleep. The democratisation of the markets and online sales distribution has made such Nootropics available to everyone at low cost. Thus, where once they were just a health supplement exclusive to top CEOs or well connected people, now any adult can buy high quality Nootropics over the internet for under $50.
I have been interested in Nootropics and their growing popularity for some time now. People are getting more interested in Nootropics for a variety of reasons. First and foremost, it’s because some Nootropics can be a very powerful aid to mental performance – increasing focus, attention, memory recall and mental clarity. This is of particular interest to people who suffer from chronic fatigue, low attention spans or some other problem that affects their mental acuity. Secondly, Nootropics are also widely used by people who want to keep sharp and at pace with demanding lifestyles or put simply, just want to be smarter – as in remembering facts and words more promptly or being able to digest and assimilate information better due to higher concentration and focus.
One of the most powerful Nootropics on the markets today is Adrafinil. It is revered as giving full wakefulness, attention to detail and high mental focus without the jittery effect or crash effect of caffeine or amphetamines. Essentially Adrafinil is a ‘prodrug’ which means that it is metabolised in the body and converted into an active pharmacological agent – in this case Modafinil – a prescription drug which when bought at the counter can cost a hefty $450 for twenty capsules!! Hence the biggest practical value of this Nootropic is that it is as powerful as Modafinil but costs less than a tenth of the prescription drug. This probably explains why it is the most sought after Nootropic.
Adrafinil has been originally developed to increase wakefulness in narcoleptics but researchers found out that its effects have been more far reaching then their intended design. Most users of Adrafinil report a range of positive benefits on their mental performance, the most central of all being attention. This is a very important point because attention is the basis of all other cognitive functions – learning, focus, assimilation, memory and motivation. When we are bored, distracted, fatigued or mentally foggy we lack attention or our attention wanes after a while. All you need to do is observe students in a lecture room or during study. Some students will be focused on the information at hand and will be assimilating it while their attention is still present. However after a short while the attention diminishes and their minds will start wandering while their bodies get fidgety.
Here are a few excerpts from users reporting their experience using Adrafinil:
“I felt as though everything was more interesting, and required attention. Now, I could choose what to pay attention to, and what not, which is excellent.”
“I can only explain as’Full Attention to the Now’ “.
This last remark is very interesting as it points at another intrinsic problem of the human mind, quite often mentioned in spirituality literature – the notion of the monkey mind – or the inability of the mind to stay still in the present but rather moves between fragments of the past and projections of the future like a monkey jumping from branch to branch. According to Buddhist philosophy, this is one of the basic causes of suffering. Instead of being present in the ‘now’ – the only real moment in time, the mind disperses its attention to recollection of past events or anxiety about future happenings which have not yet materialised.
So in other words, the ability to give more attention to the present moment is a powerful goal that is traditionally achieved through meditation and other practices aimed at increasing concentration.
When the mind is more present and attentive to the present moment – or to be more specific – is focused on the task at hand, less energy is used in mental wanderings or distractions. Do not forget that mental operations are heavy consumers of energy. Because of this, it is probable that using Nootropics such as Adrafinil have also the affect of feeling less tired and with improved mood since by having more attention they are experiencing less fragmentation and thought scatter which are essentially energy hogs. This user report points at this fact: “Improved mood. I feel pretty good for most of the day on it and for about an hour of that I feel great. It feels like I took the best hour-long nap ever during this time.”
Adrafinil is a very powerful supplement and although it is a non-prescription drug, one should always be careful not to exceed the recommended dose limit of 400mg per day as this may elevate liver enzymes. It is best to take Adrafinil on an empty stomach and avoid taking it before bedtime as it would obviously inhibit sleep. The onset of the effects usually take place after an hour of consuming the supplement.
3D-Printed ‘Suicide Pod’ Gets Legal Approval in Switzerland, Could Roll Out In 2022
Switzerland is among a small group of countries, mainly in Europe, that allows for people to end their own lives under strict provisions through the assistance of a licensed physician.
However, one company in the Alpine nation is hoping to streamline legalized euthanasia by removing doctors from the process through a new invention that allows people to end their own lives quickly and painlessly. And now, the device has passed an important review by Swiss legal authorities.
Nonprofit company Exit International has produced a 3D-printed suicide chamber dubbed the “Sarco,” reports Swiss Broadcasting Corporation. The 21st-century sarcophagus-like machine could roll out as soon as 2022.
Those faced with terminal disease and other excruciating physical conditions, as well as severe psychological pain, will be able to make a clean exit from this mortal coil by lying comfortably inside the small chamber. At the press of a button, the chamber will then fill with nitrogen gas, depriving them of oxygen and terminating their life in 30 seconds.
“There is no panic, no choking feeling,” said Philip Nitschke, the nonprofit’s founder who has been dubbed “Dr. Death” by media.
The chamber is also easy to transport, allowing people to end their lives wherever they choose – be it in a cabin in the forest, at the beach, or anywhere else they might choose.
The device is controversial, however, due to the fact that it removes medical professionals from the process of euthanasia. However, Exit International hopes that it can develop an AI-assisted online exam that can gauge the mental acuity of those who wish to use Sarco.
“We want to remove any kind of psychiatric review from the process and allow the individual to control the method themselves,” Nitschke explained.
If you are experiencing thoughts of suicide and live in the United States, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 (TALK). You can find a list of helpful resources at SpeakingOfSuicide.com/resources. Resources in other countries can be found here.
Biden to Ban Menthol Cigarettes, Citing Health Impact on Youth and Black People
The Biden administration is reportedly planning to propose an immediate ban on menthol cigarettes, a product that has long been targeted by anti-smoking advocates and critics who claim that the tobacco industry has aggressively marketed to Black people in the U.S.
On Wednesday, the Washington Post reported that the administration could announce a ban on menthol and other flavored cigarettes as soon as this week.
Roughly 85 percent of Black smokers use such menthol brands as Newport and Kool, according to the Food and Drug Administration. Research has also found that menthol cigarettes are easier to become addicted to and harder to quit than unflavored tobacco products, along with other small cigars popular with young people and African Americans.
Civil rights advocates claim that the decision should be greeted by Black communities and people of color who have been marketed to by what they describe as the predatory tobacco industry.
Black smokers generally smoke far less than white smokers, but suffer a disproportionate amount of deaths due to tobacco-linked diseases like heart attack, stroke, and other causes.
Anti-smoking advocates like Matthew L. Myers, president of Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, also greeted the move to cut out products that appeal to children and young adults.
“Menthol cigarettes are the No. 1 cause of youth smoking in the United States,” he said. “Eliminating menthol cigarettes and flavored cigars used by so many kids will do more in the long run to reduce tobacco-related disease than any action the federal government has ever taken.”
However, groups including the American Civil Liberties Group (ACLU) has opposed the move, citing the likelihood that such an action could lead to criminal penalties arising from the enforcement of a ban hitting communities of color hardest.
In a letter to administration officials, the ACLU and other groups including the Drug Policy Alliance said that while the ban is “no doubt well-intentioned” it would also have “serious racial justice implications.”
“Such a ban will trigger criminal penalties, which will disproportionately impact people of color, as well as prioritize criminalization over public health and harm reduction,” the letter explained. “A ban will also lead to unconstitutional policing and other negative interactions with local law enforcement.”
Pollution Is Making Human Penises Shrink and Causing a Collapse of Fertility, Scientists Say
With many still scoffing at the idea of rampant pollution posing a threat to humanity, a new study could drastically change the conversation: the chemicals across our environment could be the cause of shrinking human penises.
According to a new book by Dr. Shanna H. Swan, conditions in the modern world are quickly altering the reproductive development of humans and posing a threat to our future as a species.
The argument is laid out in her new book Count Down: How Our Modern World Is Threatening Sperm Counts, Altering Male and Female Reproductive Development, and Imperiling the Future of the Human Race.
The book discusses how pollution is not only leading to skyrocketing erectile dysfunction rates and fertility decline, but also an expansion in the number of babies born with small penises.
While it may seem like good fodder for jokes, the research could portend a grim future for humanity’s ability to survive.
Swan co-authored a study in 2017 that found sperm counts had precipitously fallen in Western countries by 59 percent between 1973 and 2011. In her latest book, Swan blames chemicals for this crisis in the making.
“Chemicals in our environment and unhealthy lifestyle practices in our modern world are disrupting our hormonal balance, causing various degrees of reproductive havoc,” she wrote in the new book.
“In some parts of the world, the average twentysomething woman today is less fertile than her grandmother was at 35,” she also wrote, noting that men could have only half the sperm count of their grandfathers.
Swan blames the disruption on phthalates, the chemicals used in plastic manufacturing that also have an impact on how the crucial hormone endocrine is produced
However, experts note that the proper implementation of pollution reduction measures could help humanity prevent the collapse of human fertility.
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