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How To Grow Your Own Out Of This World Cannabis Bonsai Tree

Growers have experimented with creating cannabis bonsai, primarily to produce clone clippings from a mother plant.

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(TMU) – The art and skill of creating miniature trees from the trees found in nature originated in China over a thousand years ago.

The Japanese fine-tuned the techniques and named it bonsai, which simply means ‘planted in a container’. The aim of this tradition is to grow a healthy plant that will grow into maturity but remain much smaller than the size of the same species growing in nature.

This is achieved by using small containers for planting and thereby restricting the plant’s ability to absorb nutrients and develop extensive root systems.

The most famous bonsai, the Japanese White Pine or the Yamaki Pine, is just under 400 years old and was trained into an exceptional Bonsai by six generations of the Yamaki family and miraculously survived the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima 75 years ago, on August 6, 1945, completely unscathed.

The tree is now part of a permanent exhibition at the National Bonsai & Penjing Museum in Washington DC.

In recent years, growers have experimented with creating cannabis bonsai, primarily to produce clone clippings from a mother plant.

The smaller size of the mother plant as a bonsai means many mother plants can be grown in a much smaller space, thus allowing for diversity in the cannabis garden and eliminating the need to grow from seed.

Although the basic steps for planting and training a cannabis bonsai are the same as for any tree or plant, bear in mind that soil, light, humidity, heat and water requirements differ from species to species.

YOU’LL NEED: a young cannabis plant in a pot, a drill, plastic coated wire or gardening twine, a wooden stake (or dowel). If you’re starting with a mother plant clone clipping you’ll need a pot and soil as well.

STEP ONE: PREPARE THE POT

No need for using a traditional bonsai pot, a small upright pot will be fine. Drill holes around the rim of the pot, this will be useful to help with training the plant with string or twine. Ensure the holes are big enough for the twine to fit through comfortably.

STEP TWO: PLANT YOUR CUTTING

Choose a healthy and sturdy cutting from the mother plant. Add the soil to the pot and position the cutting in the pot.

Push the wooden stake into the soil next to the main stem of the cutting and be careful not to damage any roots. The stake can be used to position the trunk of the bonsai to any position you want it to grow, with the help of the twine and the holes drilled in the pot. Don’t tie the trunk with too much force, and leave some room for the trunk to grow in width.

STEP THREE: TIME TO TRAIN

Train the branches as you did the stem, by tying them in the position you choose with the twine using the drilled holes. To create horizontal branches they will need to be tied down tighter and less tight for the vertical. Be gentle so as not to damage or snap the branches. The branches should be allowed to be grown without too much restriction.

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STEP FOUR: PRUNING

To keep the classic bonsai shape and allow airflow to the plant’s main stem it’s important to keep the stature and prune to only the offshoot branches. Cutting the main branches could affect the health and growth of the plant severely.

At this stage the jury is still out on how long bonsai mother trees should be kept active. Since they can be kept in a vegetative stage indefinitely, they could technically keep going for as long as they are alive. However, growers have found that pure indica’s degrade faster and sativa’s last longer.

Currently, as a general rule, indica’s are replaced every 3–4 years, hybrids every 4–5 years, and sativa’s every 5–6 years. However, the strain and the quality of care the plant receives will no doubt impact its lifespan.

WHICH STRAINS ARE BEST FOR CANNABIS BONSAI TREES?

The genetics of each strain is different and those strains with shorter stature are likely to be more suitable for developing into cannabis bonsai.

Two strains with a short stature that might be ideal for developing into bonsai are Critical Kush and White Widow.

Critical Kush, an indica dominant hybrid, grows short and bushy because of its 80:20 indica/sativa ratio. The high THC content has excellent relaxing and sedative properties.

White Widow, a legendary Dutch classic strain is a well-balanced hybrid with a potent mix of sativa and indica. THC levels are above 20%.

Animals

More than 5,000 baby seals wash up on Namibia beach in unprecedented die-off

Elias Marat

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Thousands of dead seal pups have washed ashore on the coast of Namibia, raising grave concerns from conservationist groups.

Locals were in shock after an estimated 5,000 premature cape fur seal pups washed up along the coast of Pelican Point peninsula, turning the popular tourist destination known for its thriving schools of dolphins and seal colonies into a pup graveyard.

Cape fur seals are often referred to as the “dogs of the ocean,” owing to their playful nature and abundant energy. However, the seals are known to desert their young or suffer miscarriages when food supplies are scarce.

The unprecedented die-off of the 5,000 Cape fur seals is now being probed by the country’s fisheries ministry, reports Bloomberg.

Nearly all were born prematurely before quickly dying, according to marine biologist Naude Dreyer of  Ocean Conservation Namibia.

“When the pregnant female feels she does not have enough reserves, she can abort,” he explained. “A few premature deaths is a natural event, but thousands of premature dead pups is extremely rare.”

Dreyer noticed the masses of dead seal pups while flying his drone over the Pelican Point seal colony on Oct. 5.

“This is the situation at Pelican Point, Namibia,” his non-profit group wrote in a Facebook post. “All the little red circles mark dead seal pups. A rough estimate brings the numbers to more than 5,000 at our seal colony alone. This is tragic, as it makes up a large portion of the new pup arrivals expected in late November.”

This is the situation at Pelican Point. All the little red circles mark dead seal pups. A rough estimate brings the…

Posted by Ocean Conservation Namibia on Tuesday, October 13, 2020

The seals are commonly found across the southern Atlantic coastlines of the African continent, spanning Namibia and South Africa to the southern tip of Angola.

“Normally cape fur seals would give birth from mid-November until early December,” Dr. Tess Gridley told Africa News.  “That’s the height of pupping that we would normally expect but what has been happening this year is there has been an increase in abortions that was first seen starting in August and really sort of peaked just last week in October.”

However, female cape fur seals are increasingly appearing emaciated and starving, raising alarm among conservationists about the long-term health of the typically thriving seal population.

 “There are about 1.7 million cape fur seals in total and about a million of those are actually in Namibia so in terms of the overall number of animals, they are quite resilient to these effects,” Gridley explained.

“But one issue that we do think might happen in the future is you will see a dip in reproduction potentially going forward particularly now for those animals that have unfortunately died,” she continued. “They are not going to be recruited into the population, so you might see a localized effect at the Pelican Point colony and also we are trying to monitor to see whether there is a wider scale impact that might affect other colonies as well.”

An absence of fish in the region and the spread of disease and toxins in the water are among the possible reasons behind the die-off. 

“The seals look a bit thin and it could likely be caused by a lack of food,” Dreyer said. “Other seal colonies at other beaches look much better and they do not record the same amount of premature pups.”

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Animals

The Amazon rainforest is coming dangerously close to permanently converting into dry savannah

Elias Marat

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(TMU) – A vast swathe of the Amazon is teetering on the brink of disaster and risks crossing the tipping point of transforming from a closed canopy rainforest teeming with life to an open savannah with few trees as climate conditions deprive the region of rainfall and effectively kill its unique ecosystem, scientists have warned.

Rainforests are extremely sensitive to even the slightest changes in rainfall and moisture levels, and extended periods of drought and fire can be devastating in areas that rely on rain for sustenance. In the Amazon, such conditions would transform the lush rainforest into a semi-arid savannah-like mixture of woodland and grassland while also boosting the risk of fire.

While such dramatic changes to the Amazon were believed to be worst-case scenarios that could happen decades away, a team of Europe-based scientists warned on Monday that the tipping point is now dangerously close.

A new study published in the journal Nature Communications found that as much as 40 percent of the existing Amazon rainforest is already seeing so little rainfall that it could exist as a savannah-like environment, deprived of its canopy-like tree coverage and with far less biodiversity.

Researchers at the Stockholm Resilience Center used computer models and data analysis to stimulate the effect of continued climate change resulting from emissions from burning fossil fuels from now until the end of the century to find the results.

Rainforests typically create their own rainfall through water vapor, which then sustains and even extends the reach of tree levels.

However, when rain levels plummet, forest land also begins to fade away and degrade – resulting in a drier landscape that becomes more susceptible to the ravages of fire, drought, and ultimately, total deforestation.

The situation in the Amazon has only grown worse as Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has stubbornly pushed forward the opening of the rainforest to economic development, unleashing a wave of human-caused fires meant to illegally clear one of the region so that it can be exploited by miners, cattle ranchers, loggers, and big agricultural interests.

This year’s fires in the Brazilian Amazon are the worst in a decade, marking a dizzying 60 percent rise in fire hotspots compared to last year’s infamous blazes.

The rainforest is so delicate that even the most subtle changes in climate conditions can have an outsized impact on the ecological balance of the environment, said the study’s lead author, Arie Staal.

“As forests grow and spread across a region, this affects rainfall,” he told The Guardian. “Forests create their own rain because leaves give off water vapor and this falls as rain further downwind. Rainfall means fewer fires leading to even more forests.”

However, the loss of large areas of rainforest mean a precipitous drop in rainfall levels across the region.

“Drier conditions make it harder for the forest to recover and increase the flammability of the ecosystem,” Staal said.

At that point, the rainforest crosses a threshold and converts into a savannah-type environment – a conversion that is difficult, if not impossible, to reverse.

“It is harder to return from the ‘trap’ caused by the feedback mechanism in which the open, grassy ecosystem is more flammable, and the fires, in turn, keep the ecosystem open,” Staal said.

Experts have warned that the Amazon rainforest is a crucial barrier to the catastrophic breakdown of global climate conditions. Without the Amazon rainforest, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions could become out of control and drive global warming to intolerable levels while the change in rainfall patterns could impact the entire Western Hemisphere.

Tragically, the loss of rainforests like the Amazon would also entail the extermination of a huge portion of global species.

“We understand now that rainforests on all continents are very sensitive to global change and can rapidly lose their ability to adapt,” said study co-author Ingo Fetzer of the Stockholm Research Center. “Once gone, their recovery will take many decades to return to their original state. And given that rainforests host the majority of all global species, all this will be forever lost.”

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Hurricane Sally brings massive destruction to Gulf Coast in “epic proportion flooding event”

Elias Marat

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(TMU) – While Hurricane Sally has weakened to a tropical storm, it has also unleashed massive destruction on the Gulf Coast at a steady, drawn-out rate while bringing “catastrophic and life-threatening” flooding to the Florida Panhandle and southern Alabama, reports the National Hurricane Center.

A bruising storm surge and torrential rain has already demolished infrastructure, knocking down a section of the Pensacola Bay Bridge – also known as the Three-Mile Bridge – and inundating the city’s downtown in about 3 feet of rain while flooding neighborhoods, homes, and businesses across the region.

Authorities are urgently warning residents to flee however they can as high water vehicles and boats conduct rescue efforts to help people escape their flooded homes.

“We believe that this is an epic proportion flooding event,” Escambia County Public Safety Director Jason Rogers told WEAR. “There is extremely high water, moving water that is very dangerous. We don’t believe that we have yet seen the worst of the flooding.”

Sally, which managed to reach the level of a Category 2 hurricane with sustained winds of 105 mph, downgrade to a tropical storm early Wednesday after it made landfall near Gulf Shores, Alabama.

However, the storm’s impact remains deadly as winds hit 70 mph as of Wednesday afternoon while the eye of the storm was roughly 30 miles west-northwest of Pensacola.

Authorities are warning about the ferocity of the storm, which is creeping north-northeast at an excruciatingly grueling pace of only 5 mph, ensuring thorough destruction across the region as it threatens to potentially produce almost three feet of rain in areas as well as seven-foot-high storm surges, ensuring floods across the region.

“We anticipate the evacuations could literally be in the thousands,” warned Escambia County Sheriff David Morgan.

Upwards of half a million homes and businesses across Southern Alabama and the Florida panhandle had lost power as of Wednesday afternoon, according to poweroutage.us.

The National Weather Service declared a flash flood emergency for “severe threat to human life & catastrophic damage from a flash flood” The warning covers sections of coastal Alabama and the Florida Panhandle, as well as Gulf Shores and Pensacola.

Emergency services have been deluged by 911 calls across Alabama and Florida all Wednesday, according to several local governments, but first-responders have struggled to rescue residents due to the treacherous conditions, according to Santa Rosa County Public Safety Director Brad Baker.

Boats across the area have been crushed or unmoored amid the raging storm, with some boats being slammed into tourist shops and restaurants along marinas. One dramatic photo shared on Instagram showed a loose boat siting in the flooded courtyard of an Orange Beach condominium building, while flooded streets are filling up with debris and downed tree limbs.

Sally’s landfall came 16 years to the day since Category 3 Hurricane Ivan slammed the same area.

Many residents, well aware of the dangers of such storms, have prepared by purchasing essential supplies and preparing their generators for bruising storm surges.

However, the intensity and trajectory of the slow-moving tropical storm is likely to have unpredictable results.

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