Students at MIT and other large universities in the U.S. are working on creating a time capsule which will be sent to Mars and will contain millions of messages, pictures, audio and video files from people all over the world.
The Time Capsule for Mars is the first student interplanetary mission that is very likely to become a pioneering achievement in the field of space exploration, as it is expected to be the first private Mars mission and possibly the greatest crowd-funded project in history.
Of course, the project has broader goals than just sending messages to Mars. The initial idea was to celebrate the “thirst” of humanity for space exploration in a moment when the prospect of colonizing new planets becomes more and more real. The main goal is to inspire young people from all over the world by giving them the opportunity to send their selfies (or other files and messages) to space. The messages will be transmitted in the form of text, images, audio and video, and the “time capsule” is going to remain on the Red Planet to be found by colonists in the future.
The capsule will be transported to the Red Planet with three small satellites called Cubesats. Students will work with NASA, Boeing and Lockheed Martin to build the capsule and satellites, aimed to develop new advanced and at the same time low-cost technologies in the field of space exploration.
Student groups from the participating universities are supported by a global network of space exploration fans, including former astronauts, aerospace companies and volunteers.
The mission, which is estimated to cost about $ 25 million, will be funded through crowd-funding and, in particular, by charging each participant $ 0.99 for uploading a file (sized up to 10MB).
“Our generation is all about social media and connecting, and the Time Capsule to Mars would be an extension of that. People would feel a real part of it—going into space virtually. We’ll be taking another step to connect Earth and Mars,” said Emily Briere, the creator of the project, mission director and senior student at Duke University. “We want this mission to be about what space means to all humanity, and so we don’t want to be sponsored by a single company.”
The satellites that will deliver time capsule are expected to be launched in 2017. Those who wish to send their message to Mars can already do it today on the official website of the project.
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Featured image: Spacecraft concept. (Credit: F. Mier Hicks/Time Capsule to Mars)
SpaceX Will Help Launch A Remote-Controlled Car Race On The Moon
SpaceX with its Falcon 9 rocket will be involved in sending 5.5 pounds of remotely-controlled race cars to the lunar surface, aiding the first-ever remote car race on the Moon!
If all goes according to plan, the Falcon 9 rocket will deliver the remote-controlled vehicles to the moon’s surface by October 2021, New Atlas reported.
The interstellar race is being organized by a company called Moon Mark, a multimedia and education content business, which partnered with Intuitive Machines, a Houston-based aerospace company.
Intuitive Machines believes it could soon become “the first private aerospace company to land on the Moon,” according to a recent press release. But SpaceX, a company headed by Elon Musk, one of the world’s most bizarre CEO’s, won’t just allow that to happen without his company’s own involvement.
The SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket will assist Intuitive Machines in getting its Nova-C lander onto the moon to deploy the race cars.
The cars will race around the sandy dunes of Oceanus Procellarum, a plain near the western edge of the Moon.
The track will be designed by Formula One racecar track designer Herman Tilke. While McLaren P1 designer Frank Stephenson is involved in designing the cars, along with High School kids.
The “deployment mechanism” used to deposit the 5.5 lb cars on the lunar surface will weigh a further 6.6 lbs. That’s a total of 17.6 lb combined weight being sent into space to our moon.
“Moon Mark’s Mission 1 competition will include six diverse teams of high school students selected from across the United States,” reads a press release, “who will compete in a series of qualifying challenges that include unique demands, such as drone and autonomous vehicle racing, e-gaming, and a space commercialization entrepreneurship contest. The two top teams from the qualifying rounds will win a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to build and race two vehicles on the Moon. The vehicles will be loaded onto Intuitive Machines’ Nova-C Lunar Lander, launched from Earth on SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket, and land in 2021. Competitors will then race their rovers remotely, navigating through harsh terrain, racing around a sphere of cameras, which will capture every aspect.”
Lets hope that 2021 is a better year than 2020 was, with space racecars we definitely have something to look forward to.
Humans May Have Found a Way To Not Only Stop Aging – But To Reverse It as Well
Humans have long to reverse the effects of aging and prolong their lives. Whether this was due to a love of power, a love of wealth or simple human anxiety about the loss of youth, tales about immortality can be found in the folk tales of countless cultures.
And while aging is a wholly natural process, humans have always struggled to fight against it – be it through science and medicine or through the search for supposed cures such as the mythical Fountain of Youth.
And now, Israeli scientists have claimed to have figured out a solution not only to the process of biological aging – but to reverse it as well, simply by administering pure oxygen in a pressurized chamber.
In a study published Nov. 18 in the peer-reviewed journal Aging, the scientists claim to have showed how aging could be reversed in two key biological clocks in humans related to aging and illness by administering high-pressure oxygen in a pressurized chamber.
When humans grow olders and their cells divide, the sequences of DNA at the end of chromosomes – known as telomeres – grow shorter with time. After the telomeres become too short, the cell is unable to replicate and eventually dies.
While telomere shortening can keep rogue cancerous cells from multiplying rapidly, this also results in genetic aging. As a result, geriatric cells that aren’t able to divide – also known as senescent cells – accumulate throughout our lives, and are one of the key causes of aging.
In the clinical study, 35 people aged 64 or older were given hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) for 90 minutes a day, five times a week over the course of three months. Blood samples were collected from subjects prior to the treatment, after after the first and second months of the trial, and two weeks after the trial ended.
The patients didn’t have any lifestyle, diet, or medication changes during the study. However, their blood revealed major increases in the telomere length of their cells and a decrease in the number of their senescent cells.
For the researchers, the results of the study offered proof that the process of aging is reversible.
“Researchers around the world are trying to develop pharmacological and environmental interventions that enable telomere elongation,” Prof. Shai Efrati of Tel Aviv University told the Jerusalem Post. “Our HBOT protocol was able to achieve this, proving that the aging process can in fact be reversed at the basic cellular-molecular level.”
The groundbreak study, he added, “gives hope and opens the door for a lot of young scientists to target aging as a reversible disease.”
The oxygen treatment also improved subjects’ attention, ability to process information, as well as subjects’ executive functions, the researchers said.
While attempts to halt aging through modifying one’s lifestyle or intensively exercising can provide “some inhibiting effect on telomere shortening”, the hyperbaric oxygen treatment is more effective, said Efrati’s partner at the Shamir Medical Center, Chief Medical Research Officer Amir Hadanny.
“In our study, only three months of HBOT were able to elongate telomeres at rates far beyond any currently available interventions or lifestyle modifications,” Hadanny said.
The study could open the door to a radical new approach to medical problems and medicine in general.
“Today telomere shortening is considered the ‘Holy Grail’ of the biology of aging,” Prof. Shai Efrati of Tel Aviv University told the Jerusalem Post. “We are not [just] slowing the decline – we are going backwards in time.”
Scientists: The Human Brain And the Entire Universe Have Odd Similarities
An astrophysicist at the University of Bologna and a neurosurgeon at the University of Verona have claimed that the brain resembles the universe. The two Italian researchers came up with the galaxy-brain theory that is out of this world: The structures of the perceptible universe, they say, are astonishingly comparable to the neuronal networks of the human brain.
University of Bologna astrophysicist Franco Vazza and University of Verona neurosurgeon Alberto Feletti document the extraordinary similarities between the cosmic network of galaxies and the complex web of neurons in the human brain. The detailed study was published in the journal Frontiers in Physics showcasing the human brain has roughly 27 orders of magnitude separated in scale, while similarly, the composition of the cosmic web shows comparable levels of complexity and self-organization, according to the researchers.
The brain itself contains an estimated 69 billion neurons, while the visible universe is comprised of at least 100 billion galaxies, strung together like a mesh network. Even more intriguing both galaxies and neurons only account for about 30 percent of the total masses of the universe and brain. Further, both galaxies and neurons arrange themselves like pearls on a long string.
Beginning from the shared features of the two systems, the two researchers examined a simulation of the network of galaxies in comparison to sections of the cerebral cortex and the cerebellum. Their purpose was to inspect how matter variations propagate.
In the case of galaxies, the remaining 70 percent of mass is dark energy. The equivalent in the human brain, the pair said was water.
“We calculated the spectral density of both systems,” Vazza said in a statement about the experiment. “This is a technique often employed in cosmology for studying the spatial distribution of galaxies. Our analysis showed that the distribution of the fluctuation within the cerebellum neuronal network on a scale from 1 micrometer to 0.1 millimeters follows the same progression of the distribution of matter in the cosmic web,” he added, “but, of course, on a larger scale that goes from 5 million to 500 million light-years.”
The amount of interwoven connections originating from each node also were strangely alike sparking further interest to the researchers.
“Once again, structural parameters have identified unexpected agreement levels,” Feletti said in the statement. “Probably, the connectivity within the two networks evolves following similar physical principles, despite the striking and obvious difference between the physical powers regulating galaxies and neurons.”
The team is anticipating that their preliminary research could lead to new analysis procedures advancing knowledge about both cosmology and neurosurgery. Which would enable scientists to better comprehend how these compositions have developed over time.
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