A group of researchers claim the ancient Romans were the first non-indigenous people who visited the Americas more than a thousand years before Columbus.
We all know from our school history courses that Christopher Columbus “discovered” the New World in 1492. This seems to be undoubted by many for the most part; however, it still doesn’t imply that Columbus was the first person to set foot in the Americas. There were other explorers who reached the continents before him and whose names were eventually lost to history. And this recent discover lends more proof to that.
We all know the indigenous Native American Indians were the first people to have lived in the Americas before being eventually populated by settlers.. And there’s a whole nother’ article about this topic that we will leave to be written for another time for now.
Certain theories suggest the New World was actually ‘discovered’ by the Vikings, the Polynesians and the Chinese who arrived before Columbus. But none of these theories is as ‘radical’ as the new hypothesis that claims the ancient Romans were the first non-indigenous people who visited the Americas more than a thousand years before the “official” version of the discovery in 1492. Moreover, there is evidence to confirm this claim – a group of researchers led by Jovan Hutton Pulitzer discovered a sword off the Oak Island in Nova Scotia, Canada, which, according to them, could be of Roman origin.
They say this find is an indication that the ancient Romans arrived in North America around the first century or even earlier. Pulitzer’s team has studied the sword with the help of an XRF analyzer, a tool archaeologists use to analyze metals. They found that it had the same metallic properties as some other Roman artefacts.
“It has the same arsenic and lead signature in it. We’ve been able to test this sword against another one like it and it matches. This goes against everything we have been taught,” Pulitzer told the Boston Standard.
Moreover, Pulitzer and his team have some more arguments to support their claim. For example, certain images carved by the Mi’kmaq people, a tribe indigenous to Nova Scotia, on cave walls in the region seem to depict Roman legionnaires holding swords, according to the team.
There are also two carved stones on Oak Island which, according to Pulitzer, “possess a language from the ancient Levant” (the eastern Mediterranean). The connection between the Mi’kmaq and the ancient Levant is also confirmed by the DNA analysis.
“The Mi’kmaq carry the rarest DNA marker in the world which comes from the ancient Levant. You can’t screw with DNA,” Pulitzer said.
Among some other artefacts that support the team’s theory are a Roman shield ‘boss’ found in the mid-1800s in Nova Scotia, a Roman legionnaire’s whistle discovered on Oak Island in 1901 and a Roman head sculpture unearthed in Mexico City in 1933, as well as Gold Roman Carthage coins found on the mainland near Oak Island.
Finally, Pulitzer says the presence of an invasive species of plant known as Berberis Vulgaris on Oak Island could also indicate that ancient Romans once visited the Americas, as this plant was commonly used by ancient mariners as a spice for food and a remedy for scurvy.
While Pulitzer and his team are quite sure about the accuracy of their claims, mainstream historians tend to dismiss this kind of finds, saying that these artifacts could have been dropped by modern collectors. At the same time, mainstream science seems to be unable to debunk Pulitzer’s theory, so the question of who was the first to discover America still remains open.
“The problem is, to rewrite history it would mean rewriting every textbook and university course in the world. That’s the detriment. I think anything that challenges history is very risky, very dangerous and extremely political. But I think the world has matured and history may force politics to mature,” Pulitzer concluded.
Image credit: investigatinghistory.org
UK Boy, 6, Finds Fossil In Family Garden That May be 488 Million Years Old
Children have a natural fascination with rocks, with many of us having spent some days as children standing awe-struck at our museums or science centers looking at dazzling arrays of stones, or learning about the different types that can be found out our local beaches, parks, or hiking trails.
However, none of us managed to make the sort of discovery that one young boy in the U.K. did.
Siddak Singh Jhamat, known as Sid, found a fossil in his garden that dates back millions of years.
Sid found the fossil in his backyard garden in the town of Walsall using a simple fossil-hunting kit he received as a gift, reports the BBC.
His father Vish Singh was then able to identify the fossil as a horn corral that dates back 251 to 488 million years with the help of a Facebook fossil group.
“I was just digging for worms and things like pottery and bricks and I just came across this rock which looked a bit like a horn, and thought it could be a tooth or a claw or a horn, but it was actually a piece of coral which is called horn coral,” Sid explained.
“I was really excited about what it really was.”
His father Vish added:
“We were surprised he found something so odd-shaped in the soil… he found a horn coral, and some smaller pieces next to it, then the next day he went digging again and found a congealed block of sand.
“In that there were loads of little molluscs and sea shells, and something called a crinoid, which is like a tentacle of a squid, so it’s quite a prehistoric thing.”
The father believes that the distinctive markings on the fossil make it a Rugosa coral, meaning it could be up to 488 million years old.
“The period that they existed from was between 500 and 251 million years ago, the Paleozoic Era,” Vish said.
“England at the time was part of Pangea, a landmass of continents. England was all underwater as well… that’s quite significant expanse of time.”
Researchers Find 50,000-Year-Old Frozen Body of Extinct Woolly Rhino in Siberia
Researchers in Siberia have stumbled upon the 50,000 year-old remains of a rare woolly rhinoceros that was trapped in permafrost.
The remains of the woolly rhino were excavated from the Abyisky district of the Sakha Republic. The rhino was first discovered by a local in Siberia named Alexei Savin, Business Insider reported.
Savvin stumbled upon the remarkable find walking near the Tirekhtyakh River in Yakutia, Siberia last August.
It’s worth noting that this woolly rhino was found close to the site where a previous baby woolly rhino named Sasha was discovered back in the year 2014. Woolly Rhinos were once believed to have been prevalent in Europe, Russia and northern Asia thousands upon thousands of years ago until they ended up extinct.
Paleontologist Albert Protopopov of the Academy of Sciences of the Sakha Republic unveiled that the baby woolly rhino would have been approximately three to four years old when it died presumably from drowning.
The only other woolly rhino thus far that has been discovered in these regions — Sasha — was dated to be from around 34,000 years ago. However, Protopopov suggests that the newly discovered body could be anywhere from 20,000 to 50,000 years old.
However, despite the body being there for so long according to Protopopov “among other things, part of the internal organs are preserved, which in the future will make it possible to study in more detail how the species ate and lived.”
Protopopov further added, “Earlier, not even the bone remains of individuals of this age were found, not to mention the preserved carcasses of animals. As a rule, these were either cubs or adults.”
A fellow paleontologist Valery Plotnikov from the Academy of Sciences further adds, “We have learned that woolly rhinoceroses were covered in very thick hair. Previously, we could judge this only from rock paintings discovered in France. Now, judging by the thick coat with the undercoat, we can conclude that the rhinoceroses were fully adapted to the cold climate very much from a young age.”
Isaac Newton’s Secret “Burnt” Notes Included Theory That Great Pyramids Predicted Apocalypse
Sir Isaac Newton, one of the most famous scientists of recorded history, left behind a large body of work that is still vital in our understanding of the world today. However, as with many public intellectuals, he also had plenty of work that was never shared with the public, even after his death.
Now, for the first time ever, some of these unpublished notes are being auctioned off, and these notes contain some of his most wild theories, and includes his thoughts on the occult, alchemy, and biblical apocalypse theory. Newton was known to dabble in the more esoteric realms of study, but very little written evidence remains about his specific thoughts on mystical topics.
Some of the remaining manuscript notes are currently being auctioned by Sotheby’s. The notes have been through a lot, and are obviously burned. The auctioneers claim that the notes were damaged in a fire that is believed to have been started by a candle that was accidentally toppled by Newton’s dog, Diamond.
According to the auction listing, “These notes are part of Newton’s astonishingly complex web of interlinking studies – natural philosophy, alchemy, theology – only parts of which he ever believed were appropriate for publication. It is not surprising that he did not publish on alchemy, since secrecy was a widely-held tenet of alchemical research, and Newton’s theological beliefs, if made public, would have cost him (at least) his career.”
The notes currently have a leading bid of £280,000, the equivalent of about $375,000.
In the notes, Newton speaks on some far-out topics that would surprise modern thinkers. For example, Newton’s notes include a theory that ancient Egypt’s Great Pyramid of Giza predicted the apocalypse. While it is unclear what logic he used to get to his conclusion, the theory began with his study of how the pyramids were designed according to an ancient Egyptian unit of measurement called the royal cubit.
While studying the pyramids and the cubit, Newton believed he developed an insight into sacred geometry, which somehow aligned with the apocalypse predictions in the bible.
“He was trying to find proof for his theory of gravitation, but in addition the ancient Egyptians were thought to have held the secrets of alchemy that have since been lost. Today, these seem disparate areas of study – but they didn’t seem that way to Newton in the 17th century,” Gabriel Heaton, Sotheby’s manuscript specialist, told The Guardian.
“It’s a wonderful confluence of bringing together Newton and these great objects from classical antiquity which have fascinated people for thousands of years. The papers take you remarkably quickly straight to the heart of a number of the deepest questions Newton was investigating,” Heaton added.
Interest in alchemy and mysticism was not unusual for serious scholars at the time, in fact, it was recognized as a legitimate field of scientific study.
“The idea of science being an alternative to religion is a modern set of thoughts. Newton would not have believed that his scientific work could undermine religious belief. He was not trying to disprove Christianity – this is a man who spent a long time trying to establish the likely time period for the biblical apocalypse. That’s why he was so interested in the pyramids,” Heaton said.
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